EU environment policy aims to promote sustainable development and protect the environment for present and future generations. It is based on preventive action, the principle “polluter pays”, fight against sources of environmental damage, shared responsibility and integration of environmental protection in other EU policies.
Chapter 27 contains more than 200 legal acts that cover horizontal legislation, water and air quality, waste management, nature protection, industrial pollution control and risk management, chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), noise and forestry. Compliance with the environment acquis requires significant investments. Professional and well-equipped administration at national and local level is precondition for proper application and adequate enforcement of the environment acquis.